About the Games
A total of 6084 athletes from 92 countries participated in Montreal Summer Olympics and competed in 198 events.
Most medals won (from a total of 41 teams) by: 1. USSR – 125 (49, 41, 35), 2. GDR – 90 (40, 25, 25), 3. USA – 94 (34, 35, 25).
Lithuania in the Games
8 Lithuanian athletes participated in Montreal Summer Olympics. They won 7 medals. Rower Antanas Čikotas who competed in the rowing eights event with the USSR team was 7th.
Basketball player Angelė Rupšienė and handball player Aldona Česaitytė-Nenėnienė who competed as members of the the USSR team became Olympic champions.
Rower Klaudija Koženkova won silver in rowing eights event. Another rower Vytautas Butkus also won silver in quad scull event.
Lithuanian team of women’s double scull Genovaitė Ramiškienė and Leonora Kaminskaitė won bronze.
Swimmer Arvydas Juozaitis won bronze in the 100 m breaststroke. Also, he was 6th in the 200 m breaststroke event, and together with his teammates placed 5th in the 4 × 100 m medley relay event.
22 African countries boycotted the Montreal Summer Olympics, because New Zealand’s team was allowed to participate. The protests started after the New Zealand national rugby team had toured apartheid South Africa.
Women’s events in basketball, rowing and team handball made their Olympic debut.
Hockey was played on an artificial pitch for the first time.
Fourteen-year-old Romanian Nadia Comaneci became the star of the Montreal Olympic Games. She became the first gymnast in history whose performance was awarded the first-ever maximum score of 10.0. During the games the gymnast earned seven maximum marks in total and won three gold medals.
Taro Aso was a member of the Japanese shooting team. 32 years later, he was elected as the prime minister of Japan.
The Games were opened by Elizabeth II, as head of state of Canada. The Queen’s daughter, Princess Anne, competed in the equestrian events of the Games. She was the only female competitor not to have to submit to a sex test. Additionally, the Queen’s husband, Prince Philip, was President of the International Equestrian Federation at the time.
Thomas Bach of West Germany won a gold medal in the team foil event in fencing. He later became IOC President.
1976 Montreal Olympic Games
Montreal 1976 Summer Olympics website: